2013年9月7日，國家主席習近平在哈薩克斯坦納扎爾巴耶夫大學作題為《弘揚人民友誼 共創美好未來》的演講，提出共同建設 "絲綢之路經濟帶"。
The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road, also known as The Belt and Road (abbreviated B&R), is a development strategy and framework, proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping that focuses on connectivity and cooperation among countries primarily between China and the rest of Eurasia, which consists of two main components, the land-based "Silk Road Economic Belt" and oceangoing "Maritime Silk Road".
恪守聯合國憲章的宗旨和原則 堅持開放合作 堅持和諧包容 堅持市場運作 堅持互利共贏
政策溝通 設施聯通 貿易暢通 資金融通 民心相通
Is the Belt and Road Initiative open?
The Initiative is open for cooperation. It covers, but is not limited to, the area of the ancient Silk Road.
It is open to all countries, and international and regional organizations for engagement, so that the results of the concerted efforts will benefit wider areas.
What kind of principles is the initiative to follow?
The Belt and Road Initiative is in line with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. It upholds the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence: mutual respect for each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence.
The Initiative is open for cooperation. It covers, but is not limited to, the area of the ancient Silk Road. It is open to all countries, and international and regional organizations for engagement, so that the results of the concerted efforts will benefit wider areas.
The Initiative is harmonious and inclusive. It advocates tolerance among civilizations, respects the paths and modes of development chosen by different countries, and supports dialogues among different civilizations on the principles of seeking common ground while shelving differences and drawing on each other's strengths, so that all countries can coexist in peace for common prosperity.
The Initiative follows market operation. It will abide by market rules and international norms, give play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation and the primary role of enterprises,and let the governments perform their due functions.
The Initiative seeks mutual benefit. It accommodates the interests and concerns of all parties involved, and seeks a conjunction of interests and the "biggest common denominator" for cooperation so as to give full play to the wisdom and creativity, strengths and potentials of all parties.